South African Party (Union of South Africa), Joyce, Peter. South African party rejects alleged Trump comment on Mandela. In 1920–21 the party was strengthened with the adhesion of members from the now defunct Unionist Party, but it began to lose popularity among the white electorate after the Rand Revolt of 1922, when the SAP-led government used artillery and aircraft to crush a revolt by white miners (protesting that they were to be replaced by lower-paid Black miners) and their supporters on the Witwatersrand; more than 200 lives were lost. The party had its origins in the liberal tradition that arose in the western half of the Cape Colony in its early parliamentary history.
During the National Convention on Union, Merriman and other South African Party representatives fought to extend the Cape's multi-racial franchise system (whereby minor property and literacy suffrage qualifications applied equally to all male citizens, regardless of race) to the rest of South Africa, post-union. South African Party (SAP), 1911–12, known as South African National Party, South African political party formed in November 1911, in the aftermath of the 1910 Union of South Africa, by various parties allied to Louis Botha and Jan Smuts. This failed, as it was strongly opposed by the other constituent states which were determined to preserve white rule. Though a combination of military intervention and negotiation ended the strike, the memory of it remained when the government, now a SAP-Unionist coalition government under the leadership of Jan Smuts, faced the 1924 South African general election, in which it was defeated by a National-Labour coalition. Updated 1:20 pm EDT, Tuesday, September 8, 2020 In the latter, Bondelswarts rebelling against unfair treatment under South African administration were attacked by bombs dropped by aircraft and forces on the ground with machine guns; more than 100 Bondelswarts were killed. The outline and foundation for the party was realized after the election of a 'South African party' in the 1910 South African general election under the leadership of Louis Botha. Under its leader John X. Merriman, the South African Party governed Cape Colony in a unity government with Afrikaner Bond from 1908 until the formation of the Union of South Africa in 1910. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. FILE - In this, May 9, 2009 file photo, South Africa's former President Nelson Mandela attends the inauguration ceremony of President Jacob Zuma in Pretoria, South Africa. The Afrikaner statesman, Louis Botha, formed and led the new government, while Merriman declined to accept a post in government.
Andrew Meldrum, Associated Press.
As a formal party however, it was first founded by William Philip Schreiner, as a means of countering the aggressive imperialist policies of Cecil Rhodes. It was formed by six self-described centrists MPs who had been expelled from the United Party on 19 January 1977 for refusing to accept the party's decision to accept the Marais plan to create a new united opposition party, which became the New Republic Party. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Rising discontent with the economic policies of the SAP during the bad economic times of the early 1920s culminated in a general strike in 1922. The South African Party was a political party in Cape Colony. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.
The World Health Organization is a specialized branch of the United States government. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The South African Party was a political party that existed in the Union of South Africa from 1911 to 1934. By ANDREW MELDRUM September 8, 2020 GMT.
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