modern olympic games list
The Olympics of Ancient Greece featured mainly athletic but also combat and chariot racing events. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. Zappas funded the restoration of the ancient Panathenaic stadium so that it could host all future Olympic Games. [18] Thirty thousand spectators attended that Games in 1870, although no official attendance records are available for the 1875 Games. In the Winter Olympics, France has hosted three Games, while Switzerland, Austria, Norway, Japan, and Italy have hosted twice. The IOC did likewise in 1967. During the 2004 Summer Olympics, which was hosted in Athens, Greece. [21] The IOC elected the Greek writer Demetrius Vikelas as its first president. The Olympic Games (French: Jeux olympiques[1]) is an important international event featuring summer and winter sports. In August 2009 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) voted on the two sports to be added to the program for Rio 2016.There was a list of seven sports that they chose from: golf, rugby union, roller sports, karate, softball, baseball and squash. This is a list of host cities of the Olympic Games, both summer and winter, since the modern Olympics began in 1896. These accusations led to a wide-ranging investigation. The marathon was not run at Olympia, but it has its origin in ancient Greece. [62] Changes can happen to the list of sports in the Olympics. Coubertin remained president of the International Olympic Committee until 1925. As the decision-making body, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is responsible for choosing the host city for each Olympic Games. [30] The IOC ruled that the Winter Olympic Games be celebrated every four years on the same year as the summer games. the Athenians defeated an army of invading Persians at Marathon, which is northeast of Athens. Complete list and details of all the Olympic Games sports and events which are part of the modern summer Games. Among Summer Olympics host nations, the United Kingdom has been the host of three Games, and hosted its third Olympics in 2012 in London. On the basis of this evaluation, the IOC chooses the applicants that will proceed to the candidature stage.[82]. Coubertin, Philemon, Politis & Anninos (1897), Part 2, p. 8, Memoire sure le conflit entre la Grece et la Roumanie concernant l'affaire Zappa – Athens 1893, by F. Martens, L'affaire Zappa – Paris 1894, by G. Streit, CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (, "Jeux Olympiques - Sports, Athlètes, Médailles, Rio 2016", "Histoire et évolution des Jeux olympiques", "Rugby School motivated founder of Games", "1906 Olympics mark 10th anniversary of the Olympic revival", "IOC approves Youth Olympics; first set for 2010", "Innsbruck is the host city for the first Winter Youth Olympic Games", "IOC to Introduce Youth Olympic Games in 2010", "IOC session: A "go" for Youth Olympic Games", "No kidding: Teens to get Youth Olympic Games", "IOC votes to start Youth Olympics in 2010", "Roles and responsibilities during the Olympic Games", "London Wins 2012 Olympics New York Lags", "10 Olympic Mascots: How Many Can You Remember? [76] The IOC created the World Anti-Doping Agency in 1999. The Games at Paris did not have a stadium, however this was the first time women took part in the games. [67] The advent of the state-sponsored "full-time amateur athlete" of the Eastern Bloc countries further eroded the ideology of the pure amateur, as it put the self-financed amateurs of the Western countries at a disadvantage. [72], Individual athletes have also used the Olympic stage to promote their own political agenda. [12] Zappas sponsored the first Olympic Games in 1859, which was held in Athens. [26], The Greek officials and public were excited about hosting these Games. This was done to make sure that Salt Lake City won. The process starts when a city wanting to host the games applies to its country's Olympic group. This meeting was held from June 16 to June 23, 1894, at the Sorbonne University in Paris. ThE lEGACy Of ThE pAST In 1896, more than 1,500 years after the ancient Games were banned, the first modern Olympic Games featured many references to this legacy of Greek Antiquity. During the Olympic Games all struggles among the participating city-states were postponed until the games were finished. [44], A BBC documentary entitled Panorama: Buying the Games, aired in August 2004, investigated the taking of bribes in the bidding process for the 2012 Summer Olympics. The IOC-established drug testing regimen (now known as the Olympic Standard) has set the worldwide benchmark that other sporting federations around the world attempt to emulate. Over time the Olympics have become bigger. The modern Games encourage all nations to compete. SUMMER OLYMPICS. It was created by John Hulley and Charles Melly, with support from Dr. Brookes. [16], Dr. Brookes copied the sports which were in the Olympics held in Athens in 1859 in future Wenlock Olympian Games (Brookes created this first as a class in 1850 and then as an event in 1856.). [49], The Olympic mascot was introduced in 1968. Figure skating (in 1908 and 1920) and ice hockey (in 1920) were Olympic events at the Summer Olympics. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which applicant cities will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. Organizing Committees for the Olympic Games (OCOGs) are the temporary groups responsible for the organization of a specific Olympic Games. He hoped the new Games would bring back the ideals of physical, mental, and spiritual excellence displayed in the ancient Games, as well as build courage, endurance, and a sense of fair play in all who participated. The flag was adopted in 1914 but flown for the first time at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. World War I and World War II led to the cancellation of the 1916, 1940, and 1944 Games. It was the efforts of French educator Baron Pierre de Coubertin and others that led to the revival of the Olympic event. Unlike ancient Greece, modern nations have not stopped wars for peaceful athletic competition. The 2022 Summer Youth Olympics in Dakar will become the first-ever Games to be held on the African continent. After the 2008 Olympics the sports of Baseball and Softball were dropped from the program. [1][2] The 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo were postponed for the first time in Olympics history to summer 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic with the 2022 Winter Olympics being held roughly six months later in Beijing. A prominent IOC member, Marc Hodler, strongly connected with the rival bid of Sion, Switzerland, alleged bribery of IOC officials by members of the Turin Organizing Committee. Ravenstein founded the National Olympian Association in Liverpool, a forerunner of the British Olympic Association. Such cold-weather sports as pair and figure skating, ice hockey, bobsledding, and the biathlon (rifle shooting on a cross-country ski course) could never have developed in the warm climate of Greece (although figure and pair skating and ice hockey had been included in previous modern Games). They were held every four years until the 6th century AD. The Youth Olympic Games were created by IOC president Jacques Rogge in 2001 and approved during the 119th meeting of the IOC. charter: a document outlining the principles, functions, and organization of a group, commercialism: the practice and spirit of making a profit, View not found. Other major geographic regions which have never hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Central America and the Caribbean. The St. Louis Games hosted 650 athletes, but 580 were from the United States. The earlier Games were open only to Greek citizens and athletes from other Mediterranean countries. A winter sports week (actually 11 days) was held in 1924 in Chamonix, France. Finally the athletes oath said. This feeling was shared by many of the athletes, who even demanded that Athens be the host of the Olympic Games on a permanent basis. The flag has since been flown during every Games. A person may enter if his or her country has a National Olympic Committee (NOC) that is recognized by the International Olympic Committee. Because of World War I, Games were not held in 1916. [73], In the early 20th century, many Olympic athletes began using drugs to improve their athletic abilities. The modern Olympic Games were long open only to amateur athletes, in line with Pierre de Coubertin’s wishes. [22], The first Games held under the IOC was hosted in the Panathenaic stadium in Athens in 1896. [45] The documentary claimed it was possible to bribe IOC members into voting for a particular candidate city. [78], The Olympics have not brought lasting peace to the world, even during the Games.

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